英语句子的基本结构

作者: 阮一峰

日期: 2006年12月21日

珠峰培训

英语的句子有6种基本结构。

1.主语+系动词+表语(A is B.)

[例句]

哈佛是最早接受中国留学生的美国大学之一。

Harvard is among the first American universities to accept Chinese students.

2.主语+及物动词+宾语(A does B.)

[例句]

这些传统,对今天中国人的价值观念、生活方式和中国的发展道路,具有深刻的影响。

These traditions have exerted a profound impact on the values and way of life of the Chinese people, and on China's road of development today.

3.主语+不及物动词(A leaves.)

[例句]

1847年,中国最早的一批留美学生容闳等人赴美求学。

In 1847, Chinese student Rong Hong and others came to the United States as the first group of Chinese students to study here.

4.主语+及物动词+双宾语(间接宾语指人,直接宾语指物)(A gives B something.)

[例句]

昨天,我参观了国际商用机器公司、美国电话电报公司和贝尔实验室,领略了当代科技发展的前沿成就。

My visit to IBM, AT&T and the Bell laboratory yesterday gave me some first-hand knowledge of the latest successes in modern science and technology.

5.主语+及物动词+复合宾语(即宾语+宾语补足语)(A tells B to do something)

[例句]

今天,正在为实现现代化而奋斗的中国人民,把对外开放作为一项基本国策。

Today, the Chinese people who are struggling to achieve modernization have made the opening-up a basic state policy.

6.There+系动词+主语(There is a man.)

[例句]

在自由市场经济国家企业类型有多种多样。

There are many types of businesses in a free-market economy.

(完)

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留言(1条)

hehe, your examples are quite different!

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